What is Spray Polyurethane Foam (Insulation Foam)? (2023) (2023)

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Where are the Application Areas of Spray Polyurethane Foam? What are the Advantages of Spray Polyurethane Foam? FAQs Videos

Spray Polyurethane Foam is a polyurethane (PU) based, single component, very qualified heat and sound insulation product that can be applied by being sprayed on surfaces through its special application device. The propellant in the can sprays the chemical component to surfaces through application gun. This composition rapidly cures, expands and hardens with the moisture in the air,
Spray Polyurethane Foam, having only double component equivalents up until today, can be rapidly and easily applied by amateur users as well as the professionals, thanks to its single component version introduced. Transport, warehousing, application and workmanship costs are quite lower than other equivalents.

Please click here to watch the Akfix ThermCoat Thermal & Acoustic Polyurethane Spray Insulation Foam.

Where are the Application Areas of Spray Polyurethane Foam?

Spray Polyurethane Foam can be used practically everywhere can be imagine for heat and acoustic insulation purposes. For example; roofs, attics, facades, foundations, basements, cellars, floors, internal walls, overlappings between floors, inner sections, ceilings and storerooms. Besides, it can further be used on structural elements of buildings, balconies, arcades, doors, window slopes, pipes and conduits, tanks and on entire inclined, rough and uneven surfaces. It can also be used on vehicle bodies, vehicle trailers, container carriers, container sheds, parking lots and garages, boats, yachts, crafts and hundreds of similar areas.

What is Spray Polyurethane Foam (Insulation Foam)? (2023) (1)

How is Spray Polyurethane Insulation Foam Applied?

(Video) Spray Foam Insulation — The Ugly Truth?

The use of Spray Polyurethane Foam is quite handy comparing to its equivalents. First of all, nozzle A is firmly fixed on the tip of the application gun for vertical floors. Attention is paid not to have any clearance between the nozzle and the gun. Because, any clearance will result in leakage of foam during the application process. Then, the can is shaken for at least 20 times. Application gun is fixed by opening the upper lid of the cap by winding up. The screw located at the back side of the gun is untightened and the application pressure can be adjusted as desired. At normal conditions, it is recommended to wind up the screw to the end. Afterwards, the product is applied relatively rapidly at a distance of an average of 40-45 cm from the surface. Getting close or away from the surface may introduce some disadvantages. If we get closer to the surface, application thickness increases. Ideal application should be a thickness of maximum 1.5 cm on a single layer. If you conduct a thicker application as a single layer, both the heat and the sound insulation value will decrease. The optimal application should have a thickness of 1.5 cm and in 3 layers overlapping. Then, an application could be done with the performance equal to its equivalent heat and sound insulation. In case an application is made from a distance more than 40-45 cm, application thickness will be decreased and therefore consumption will increase.

For ceiling applications, nozzle A is removed from the tip of the gun and nozzle B is fixed. The gun and the product are held vertical as it would be applied on a vertical floor, but nozzle B will spray the product to the ceiling. In this application, application is made from an average distance of 15-20 cm.

What is Spray Polyurethane Foam (Insulation Foam)? (2023) (2)

You may watch the product application video Akfix ThermCoat.

(Video) How it Works: Spray Polyurethane Foam Insulation

What are the Advantages of Spray Polyurethane Foam?

Insulation is of utmost importance in countries experiencing a cold climate. People prefer convenient and appropriate insulation types to have a comfortable life and keep their heating/cooling costs on a minimum level. Akfix Thermcoat Spray Polyurethane Foam offers a strong sound, heat and water insulation.
Thermcoat, which is a uniform insulation system that prevents heat bridge, directly contributes to heat insulation and decreases the heating/cooling costs of buildings.

  • Thanks to its high acoustic insulation property, it absorbs sound and offers peaceful living spaces.
  • It has high resistance against many solvents (acetone, thinner, etc.) particularly water after being cured. That’s why it also contributes to the water insulation of buildings.

What is Spray Polyurethane Foam (Insulation Foam)? (2023) (3)

What are Other Alternatives of Heat and Sound Insulation?

The first alternatives that come to mind are EPS and XPS. Those are the most common heat insulation materials. They are applied with adhesive mortar or adhesive foam at sheeting processes and fixed with plastic dowels. Although it is lightweight, if mortar is used as adhesive, it introduces a serious burden for the building and becomes an exhaustive insulation alternative as it requires further mechanical fixing.

Stone wool and glass wool are the insulation materials mostly confused with each other. Stone wool is in the form of panel such as EPS & XPS. It can be pliable if desired, but it gets deformed as a result. When held without sturdy gloves, minor sharp fibers may penetrate to the skin.
It is mostly used between the partition walls within the buildings. Glass wool, on the contrary, is in the form of roller and spread on surfaces like a rug. It is mostly used as roof mattress. Those materials are bonded with mortar and fixed on the surfaces by the mechanical fixing elements. It can withstand in very high temperatures as an advantage comparing with EPS and XPS.

(Video) How to Install Spray Foam Insulation DIY

2 component spray polyurethane foam is the one with the highest heat insulation value among 3 alternatives. At the same time, it has the most difficult application. It can only be applied with a special application machine by professional teams. First of all, a professional team arrives at the application area and measures meter square value of the area, then the required raw material quantities are calculated and the surfaces are coated rapidly with this material by the help of a special application machine. It is the insulation type with the highest cost. It is not preferred for smaller application areas due to its high cost. Canister type 2 component spray polyurethane foam is a new packaging type and a type in where professional type packaging (barrel) is offered similarly with the propane cylinder used in kitchens. It can also be applied by amateur users. It can be carried over to narrow or small areas.

If the dimensions of the area to be insulated in meter square does not correspond the efficiency to be yielded from 1 set of product, application more than normal would be required as a result. This condition increases the cost. Akfix Thermcoat offers advantages such as performance of more precise measurements and product purchase just to be enough for the dimensions of the application area.

With Which Names the Spray Foam Known in Worldwide?

It is generally offered in the market with the names; Thermal insulation foam, insulation foam, Spray PU Foam, 2 component spray PU Foam, Heat and Acoustic Spray Insulation foam.

What is the Fastest Way of Heat Insulation in Buildings?

Due to the reasons that it does not require any adhesive, drill, dowel, etc., not being a voluminous material, easy transport and with high insulation value, the fastest heat insulation can be made by polyurethane foam.

(Video) Product Review | Pentens PU-130H PU Polyurethane Insulation Foam Spray

How is heat insulation done with the optimal cost?

At heat insulation job, when the entire materials necessary such as heat insulation panels, adhesive, fixing elements are taken into account, higher cost comes forth. It is quite possible to conduct a professional heat insulation with just an application gun, foam cleaner and Akfix Thermcoat. Thanks to its practical application property, easy transport and lightweight packaging, it is a highly affordable and low cost product. Besides, it is environmental friendly with its recyclable packaging.

Tags : Thermcoat, Thermal insulation, insulation, Spray Foam, 2 component spray foam, partition Wall insulation, roof insulation, attic insulation, EPS panel, XPS panel, rock wool, glass wool, roof mattress, canister foam, Froth Pak, acoustic insulation


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What is spray polyurethane foam insulation? ›

SPF, a spray-applied cellular plastic, is made by mixing chemicals to create foam. Those chemicals react very quickly, expanding on contact to create foam that insulates, air seals and provides a moisture barrier.

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What is spray foam insulation made of? ›

Spray foam insulation is made by combining isocyanate and polyol resin into a foam. Polyurethane, a polymer made of organic units, is the most commonly used material for spray foam.

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What is polyurethane foam used for? ›

Flexible polyurethane foam is used as cushioning for a variety of consumer and commercial products, including bedding, furniture, automotive interiors, carpet underlay and packaging. Flexible foam can be created in almost any variety of shapes and firmness. It is light, durable, supportive and comfortable.

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Is spray foam insulation a good idea? ›

Spray foam insulation is one the most effective ways to insulate your home – it has a higher effective rate of insulation than other options like fibreglass and organic insulation. Because of how effective spray foam insulation is at keeping heat in (and energy bills down), we would always recommend considering it.

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What can spray foam insulation be used for? ›

Spray foam insulation is an insulation and air barrier material that seals walls, floors, and ceiling cavities against air movement. This includes spaces around electrical outlets and light fixtures, and also where walls meet windows and doors.

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Is spray foam insulation better than regular? ›

When it comes to which is best in the spray foam insulation vs. fiberglass debate, spray foam wins, hands down. If you're a DIY-er, you may be used to installing fiberglass insulation. But if you're looking for something that will last a lifetime, let a professional install spray foam.

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What is sprayed polyurethane foam? ›

What is Spray Polyurethane Foam? Spray polyurethane foam (SPF) is a spray-applied material that is widely used to insulate buildings and seal cracks and gaps, making the building more energy-efficient and comfortable. How Does SPF Work? Contractors combine two liquids to initiate a chemical reaction that creates foam.

What is polyurethane spray foam made of? ›

Spray foam insulation is made by combining isocyanate and polyol resin into a foam. Polyurethane, a polymer made of organic units, is the most commonly used material for spray foam.

Is polyurethane spray foam insulation safe? ›

Spray foam can potentially generate toxic emissions under these circumstances. Building renovations, demolition, or building disassembly done years later can disturb spray foam insulation. Performing hot work on or near polyurethane foam may lead to potential exposures to isocyanates and other toxic emissions.

How long does polyurethane spray foam last? ›

Both types of spray foam insulation can last anywhere from 80 years to 100 years, with closed cell spray foam having a slight edge in terms of durability. For most families, this represents the lifetime of the house and then some!

What are the side effects of polyurethane foam spray? ›

Isocyanates can cause “sensitization,” which means that some people may become allergic to isocyanates and could experience allergic reactions including: itching and watery eyes, skin rashes, asthma, and other breathing difficulties. Symptoms may also be delayed up to several hours after exposure.

Is polyurethane foam comfortable to sleep in? ›

Polyurethane foam is actually a very poor choice for a mattress on which you will be sleeping regularly. This is because it is one of the least comfortable types of mattresses and has one of the shortest lifetimes. A polyurethane mattress is not recommended for regular use.

Is polyurethane foam plastic or rubber? ›

Polyurethane is a plastic material, which exists in various forms. It can be tailored to be either rigid or flexible, and is the material of choice for a broad range of end-user applications such as: insulation of refrigerators and freezers.

Is polyurethane foam the same as Styrofoam? ›

For equivalent thicknesses, polyurethane has a higher thermal insulation factor (R‑16 or RSI: 2.8) than expanded or extruded polystyrene (Styrofoam). In addition, since polyurethane strongly adheres to door surfaces, it provides twice as much resistance to flexion as polystyrene in a comparable door.

Is polyurethane foam expensive? ›

Polyurethane foam is made up primarily of compounds derived from petrochemicals. Many mattress manufacturers use polyurethane foam as the top layer of spring mattresses. This is done primarily because polyurethane is very inexpensive, not because it is high quality.

Can you sleep in house after spray foam insulation? ›

According to the EPA, occupants must stay away from the building while it cures (and as long as the dust remains) for at least 24 to 72 hours, something they, devastatingly, are not always told. If the spray foam continues to off-gas, the building can be inhospitable to occupants for years.

What are the negatives of spray foam? ›

The Downsides of Using Spray Foam Insulation in Homes
  • It Can Lead to Mold. Spray foam insulation mold problems are quite common. ...
  • It Can Have a Foul Odor. Spray foam insulation is mixed on the job site, and improper ratios of chemicals are common. ...
  • It Can Lead to Termite Damage. ...
  • It's Too Airtight.
Nov 30, 2022

Is it safe to be in the house after spray foam insulation? ›

During SPF installation, other trade workers and building/home occupants should vacate the premises. Re-entry should be restricted until the product has finished curing, and the building has been adequately ventilated and thoroughly cleaned.

Why is polyurethane foam so expensive? ›

Polyurethane foam is expensive due to the fluctuating raw material prices, which act as a major restraint for the market. Changes in the demand and supply of these raw materials could have a major impact on the polyurethane foam industry.

Does spray foam crack over time? ›

Spray foam is rigid and inflexible once it cures, and foam boards are rigid from the outset. So when these materials expand and contract because of temperature changes - and that's when, not if - they can crack.

Does polyurethane foam get moldy? ›

Polyurethane foam is a material resistant to mould and mildew and also insect and rodent repellent.

Where not to use spray foam insulation? ›

Avoid using the foam near any ceiling lights or heating appliances. If you spray the foam near a ceiling light, for example, there is a chance that it could catch fire due to the flammable nature of the spray. Additionally, it could also cause damage to the light itself if it cures around any wiring.

Is 100% polyurethane foam toxic? ›

Polyurethane foam is not toxic in and of itself. Off-gassing in polyurethane foam products may induce health risks for consumers, but there are methods of prevention.

Is 100% polyurethane foam safe? ›

Polyurethane is the result of the chemical reaction between a polyol and a diisocyanate. Once the chemical reaction of its components has taken place, the result is a polyurethane foam that is completely inert and harmless to humans.

How long does polyurethane foam off gas? ›

For example, a cube of polyurethane foam should not give off more than 0.16 ppm of benzene after 72 hours to get the CertiPUR-US seal. (For reference, OSHA's benzene limit is 1 ppm over an eight-hour workday.)

Is memory foam and polyurethane foam the same? ›

Memory foam is a type of polyurethane foam. As with all foams, memory foam compresses under pressure. The difference with other polyurethane foams is that memory foam also contains added chemicals that increase its viscosity and elasticity, hence its alternate name, viscoelastic foam.

Is polyurethane foam a fire hazard? ›

Rigid polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams will, when ignited, burn rapidly and produce intense heat, dense smoke and gases which are irritating, flammable and/or toxic.

How much does polyurethane foam cost? ›

Polyurethane foam insulation is the most common spray foam type available on the market. At $0.44 to $1.50 per board foot, it is one of the most cost-effective options when it comes to spray foam insulation, but homeowners interested in environmental impact may wish to choose one of the other available options.

Is polyurethane foam soft or hard? ›

Polyurethane foam can be made to feel soft or hard and the density can vary considerably. To give you an idea, just look at the many different foam grades we stock. This foam can be used to make household sponges for cleaning, acoustic products for sound treatment, packaging, mattresses and much more.

Is polyurethane foam a vapor barrier? ›

Spray foam does it all, and more – it's essentially a “built in” vapour barrier that does not absorb moisture and won't allow mold to grow. No other product can compare. Whatever the project, and regardless of scope, Spray Polyurethane Foammust be installed with a professional touch.

What are the 2 main types of polyurethane foam? ›

There are two types of polyurethane foam: open-cell and closed-cell. The former is intended for indoor use, specifically for insulating walls and roofs and increasing acoustic comfort in a room, as polyurethane foam has a very high noise reduction coefficient in addition to thermal insulation properties.

What is the best polyurethane foam? ›

Best Expanding Foam
  • Best Overall: Loctite TITE FOAM Insulating Foam Sealant.
  • Best Kit for Large Projects: Great Stuff Pro Gaps and Cracks.
  • Best Kit for Pests: Great Stuff Pro Kit.
  • Best for Crafts: Smooth-On Foam-iT! ...
  • Best Fire Block: Fire Block Polyurethane Foam Sealant.
  • Best Value: Big Gap Filler.
Mar 14, 2022

What is polyurethane foam also called? ›

Polyurethane foams are sometimes referred to as foam rubber, a broader type of material that include foams made from latex, neoprene, and silicone. Polyurethane foams are used in the manufacturing mattresses, furniture, car seats, thermal insulations, and packaging materials.

How thick should polyurethane foam be? ›

Optimum thickness and insulation: polyurethane foam; minimum thickness of layer: 30 mm. Minimum applied density: 45 kg/m3 in covers to ensure impermeability.

How many square feet does a 55 gallon drum of spray foam do? ›

½# Open Cell Spray Foam 55 gallon kits: 16,000-21,000 board feet coverage We also have Open Cell Spray foam insulation for your project. Open cell is great for sound, and you will get your air barrier at 3.5” thickness.

How much does it cost to insulate a 24x24 garage? ›

A more extensive, double-layer system with an R-30 R-value might cost closer to $1.50 a square foot. So, expect to pay somewhere between about $288 and $864 for materials needed to insulate your 24'x24' metal building.

Can bugs get through spray foam insulation? ›

Furthermore, while pests can damage or even eat other types of insulation such as fiberglass or cellulose insulation, closed-cell spray foam insulation hardens into a strong barrier that most pests cannot break through.

Do you have to drywall over spray foam insulation? ›

Because any type of spray foam is combustible, along with most other building materials, we need to protect the wall from the foam. By installing gypsum board over the foam, we have protection on the inside of the building for a life-saving purpose.

How long do you have to leave your house after spray foam insulation? ›

Spray foam insulation installed correctly in your home should be done by a professional so it is done safely. You will need to be out of your home for 24 hours after installation to ensure the off-gassing period is done.

Does spray foam decrease home value? ›

In fact, when done correctly and professionally, spray foam insulation can actually increase the value of your home. This type of insulation adds value to any residential property by providing superior energy efficiency, durability, soundproofing capabilities, and more.

What is better than spray foam insulation? ›

Advantages of Blown-In

Since it's blown in, it can fill small gaps and hard-to-reach areas, like spray foam. It's available in fiberglass, the most commonly used insulation material. It's more cost-effective than spray foam and (depending on the material used) can fulfill a wider range of applications.

Is spray foam worth the money? ›

Spray foam insulation is worth it – in fact, depending on the type of insulation you currently have (or don't have), spray foam insulation could save you up to 50% on your energy bills. Its highly effective heat retention means you simply don't need to use as much energy to heat your home.

How does a house breathe with spray foam insulation? ›

Air will circulate from the living space up to the attic, hit the spray foam barrier, and then move back down. Adding spray foam to the attic flat will seal it off from the rest of your house. The air barrier created with spray foam insulation blocks the air you pay to heat and cool from moving up into the attic.

Does spray foam need an air gap? ›

Believe it or not, attic ventilation for spray foam insulation is not needed. The simple reason is that spray foam is applied to the attic ceiling and not the attic flooring.

Do you have to remove old insulation before spray foam? ›

Any space where spray foam insulation will be installed will need to have the existing insulation completely removed so the new insulation can reach into every nook and cranny. The presence of old insulation can actually prevent spray foam insulation from properly insulating your attic.

Does polyurethane foam last? ›

For example, under normal wear and tear, a durability of more than 50 years can be expected for polyurethane insulation systems for buildings, more than 25 years for polyurethane used for insulation of refrigerators or more than 20 years for the application of polyurethane in vehicle bumpers.

Is polyurethane better than foam? ›

Quality does not factor into the difference between these two types of foam. They have different characteristics and are therefore used for different gymnastics or martial arts applications. One is not better or worse than the other; they are different.

What is the most expensive foam? ›

Which expanding foam expands the most? High expansion foam expands the most. It's capable of expanding 200 to 300 times the liquid size, while low expansion foam can only expand up to 30 times its liquid size.

How far does 1 can of spray foam go? ›

Each can covers approximately 25 Board Feet. Spray-foam insulation is a quick and easy way to seal the gaps in your home and save on energy costs. While many foams require mixing two components out of large canisters, Seal Spray Foam can be applied directly by simply attaching a spray nozzle to the can.

What happens if spray foam gets wet? ›

The good news is that spray foam insulation is pretty resistant to water and creates a moisture barrier between the foam and your walls. It won't absorb much moisture, and it won't promote the growth of mold or mildew.

Will water leak through spray foam? ›

Spray foam will stop a roof leak for as long as the building exists. This is because spray foam is a renewable roofing system. If you didn't know, spray foam would degrade when exposed to UV rays. To combat this, a silicone coating is applied over spray foam.

What are the disadvantages of polyurethane foam? ›

  • Poor thermal capability.
  • Poor weatherability.
  • Attacked by most solvents.
  • Utilize toxic isocyanates.
  • Flammable.

What are the issues with polyurethane foam? ›

Exposure to chemicals commonly found in most polyurethane foam products may cause serious or fatal respiratory disease. These chemicals are powerful irritants to the mucous membranes of the eyes, gastrointestinal tract, and respiratory system.

What are the negative impacts of polyurethane foam? ›

Exposure to isocyanates may cause skin, eye and lung irritation, asthma, and “sensitization.” Isocyanates are irritants to the mucous memmbranes of the eyes and gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts. Direct skin contact can also cause marked inflamation.

What is sprayed polyurethane foam waterproofing? ›

Spray Polyurethane Foam (SPF) is used as insulation inside building walls, on temperature-controlled transportation equipment, on roofs, on tanks, on portable or temporary structures; as waterproofing in wall spaces, attics and on roofs; as an air barrier in commercial, industrial and residential construction; as part ...

What are the benefits of spray polyurethane? ›

3 Advantages of Spray Polyurethane Foam Roofing
  • Fast and Easy Installation. Polyurethane foam sprays on as a liquid and expands into foam. ...
  • Incredible R-Value. A material's R-value refers to its ability to resist thermal movement. ...
  • Easy Maintenance and Repair.
Aug 4, 2022

What is polyurethane spray used for? ›

Polyurethane provides a clear, durable layer of protection for DIY furniture. It can also be used for floors, doors, woodwork around windows and doors, and cabinets.

Is polyurethane foam water proof? ›

The short answer is yes, to a certain degree. There are several factors that make some polyurethanes more absorbent than others. Depending on the physical properties and material, thermoset polyurethanes can practically have zero water absorption compared to other known materials.

What are the disadvantages of polyurethane insulation? ›

  • Poor thermal capability.
  • Poor weatherability.
  • Attacked by most solvents.
  • Utilize toxic isocyanates.
  • Flammable.

Can polyurethane foam get wet? ›

If polyurethane foam gets wet, the cells will soak up the water. The biocide treatment is important because it prevents mold and mildew growth that can occur when wet foam dries out.

How many coats of spray polyurethane should I use? ›

Water-based polyurethane requires at least two hours of dry time between coats, and you should only apply two coats in a day. It's important to remember that drying time is affected by temperature and humidity.

Is polyurethane good or bad for you? ›

What effects does polyurethane have on the health of users? Polyurethane is the result of the chemical reaction between a polyol and a diisocyanate. Once the chemical reaction of its components has taken place, the result is a polyurethane foam that is completely inert and harmless to humans.

When should you use polyurethane? ›

Polyurethane wood finish is used to coat surfaces, protecting them from scratches and helping to resist water damage. Learning how to apply polyurethane can give wood furniture and flooring a glossy, smooth finish while improving its durability.

What is the most common use of polyurethane? ›

The most common use for polyurethanes in major appliances is rigid foams for refrigerator and freezer thermal insulation systems. Rigid polyurethane foam is an essential and cost-effective material that can be used for meeting required energy ratings in consumer refrigerators and freezers.

Can I spray polyurethane in the house? ›

Spray polyurethane foam can have BIG benefits for even the smallest of houses. Spray polyurethane foam insulation can be used to help fill gaps and stop air leaks in many areas of a home or building – whether they are big or small.


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